# Kindergarten

Parents, these are the standards taught by Beyond Textbooks partner schools. This list is in alphanumeric order, and your school will likely teach them in a different order. For help deciphering the code in front of the standard, please click here.

## Kindergarten Math Standards

##### Quarter 1 Standards:
1. K.M.CC.A.02a: The Highly Proficient student can count forward beyond 10 from various starting points.

2. K.M.CC.A.02a1: The Highly Proficient student can count backwards from 20 consecutively.

3. K.M.CC.A.03a: The Highly Proficient student can identify numbers 0-20 and match the number to the correct amount of objects.

4. K.M.CC.A.03a1: The Highly Proficient student can write numbers 0-20 and match the number to the correct amount of objects.

5. K.M.CC.B.04: The Highly Proficient student can count objects and tell how many there are.

6. K.M.G.A.01: The Highly Proficient student can describe objects in the environment using names of shapes, and describe the relative positions of these objects using terms such as above, below, beside, in front of, behind, and next to.

7. K.M.G.A.02: The Highly Proficient student can correctly name shapes regardless of their orientations or overall sizes.

8. K.M.G.A.03: The Highly Proficient student can name, describe, and find two-dimensional and three- dimensional shapes in any position or size.

##### Quarter 2 Standards:
1. K.M.CC.A.02b: The Highly Proficient student can count forward beyond 20 from various starting points.

2. K.M.CC.A.02b1: The Highly Proficient student can count backwards from 20 consecutively.

3. K.M.CC.A.03b: The Highly Proficient student can independently identify and make a model greater than 20 in different ways.

4. K.M.CC.A.03b1: The Highly Proficient student can independently identify and make a model greater than 20 in different ways.

5. K.M.CC.B.05: The Highly Proficient student can count to answer “how many?” questions about as many as 20 things arranged in a line, a rectangular array, or a circle, or as many as 10 things in a scattered configuration; given a number from 1–20, count out that many objects.

6. K.M.CC.C.06: The Highly Proficient student can compare two whole numbers, 0-100, using greater than (>), less than (<)and equal (=).

7. K.M.CC.C.07: The Highly Proficient student can compare two numbers between 1 and 10 presented as written numerals.

8. K.M.G.B.04: The Highly Proficient student can compare 3 shapes and describe their similarities and differences using attributes and vocabulary.

9. K.M.G.B.05: The Highly Proficient student can create 2D and 3D shapes and explain their real-world connections.

10. K.M.G.B.06: The Highly Proficient student can independently create more complex shapes using several simple shapes and name all shapes.

11. K.M.MD.B.03: The Highly Proficient student can create smaller categories to sort the objects into and explain the attribute they are sorting by for each group when given a large group of objects -counts and compares the objects in each of their categories.

12. K.M.OA.A.01a: The Highly Proficient student can create an addition and a subtraction equation to 5, solve each equation using a strategy and explain their solution.

##### Quarter 3 Standards:
1. G2.1M.C1.PO5 (for Kinder): The Highly Proficient student can count the total value of a collection of mixed coins. (Continues into Quarter 4)

2. G2.4M.C4.PO1 (for Kinder): The Highly Proficient student can tell and write the time to the nearest half hour using an analog and digital clock.

3. K.M.CC.A.02c: The Highly Proficient student can count forward beyond 50 from various starting points.

4. K.M.CC.A.02c1: The Highly Proficient student can count backwards from 30 consecutively.

5. K.M.CC.A.03c: The Highly Proficient student can independently identify and make a model of numbers greater than 50 in different ways.

6. K.M.CC.A.03c1: The Highly Proficient student can independently write and make a model of numbers greater than 50 in different ways.

7. K.M.OA.A.01b: The Highly Proficient student can create an addition and a subtraction equation to 10, solve each equation using a strategy and explain their solution.

8. K.M.OA.A.02: The Highly Proficient student can create their own word problem, solve it with an addition or subtraction equation beyond 10 and justify their solution.

##### Quarter 4 Standards:
1. K.M.CC.A.02d: The Highly Proficient student can count forward beyond 100 from various starting points.

2. K.M.CC.A.02d1: The Highly Proficient student can count backwards from 30 consecutively.

3. K.M.CC.A.03d: The Highly Proficient student can independently identify and make a model of numbers greater than 100 in different ways.

4. K.M.CC.A.03d1: The Highly Proficient student can independently identify, write and make a model of numbers greater than 100 in different ways.

5. K.M.MD.A.01-02: The Highly Proficient student can measure the length of an object using a ruler and the weight using a scale or balance -can compare the length of two measured objects using the appropriate tool (i.e.: The paper clip is 1 inch and the marker is 4 inches. The paper clip is shorter than the marker.)

6. K.M.NBT.A.01: The Highly Proficient student can identify and make a model for a number greater than 50.

7. K.M.OA.A.03: The Highly Proficient student can create addition equations when given the sum.

8. K.M.OA.A.04: The Highly Proficient student can create an addition and a subtraction equation, when given the number ten (e.g., 7+3=10 and 12-2=10).

9. K.M.OA.A.05: The Highly Proficient student can add and subtract beyond 20 problems in 2 minutes.

##### Yearly Standards (taught throughout the school year):
1. G1.4M.C4.PO3: The Highly Proficient student can use elapsed time to determine a day or month in the past or the future (i.e.: What day of the week was September 4th? What day of the week does the last day of the month fall on? What month will it be in 3 months?)

2. K.3M.C1.PO1: The Highly Proficient student can find the errors in a given pattern using any manipulatives without assistance and correct the pattern.

3. K.M.CC.A.01: The Highly Proficient student can count forwards to 100 by 2s.

##### Quarter 1 Standards:
1. K.R.RF.01a: The Highly Proficient student can read text from a book correctly, without tracking or assistance.

2. K.R.RF.01b: The Highly Proficient student can write a word independently, using correct spelling, when given an orally spoken word.

3. K.R.RF.01c: The Highly Proficient student can write using correct spacing between individual words on a consistent basis.

4. K.R.RF.03c: The Highly Proficient student can fluently read all of the sight words for quarter 1.

5. K.R.RI.02: With prompting and support, the Highly Proficient student can identify the main topic and retell key details of a text.

6. K.R.RI.05: The Highly Proficient student can identify organizational features of a text (i.e, title, author, illustrator, table of contents, headings, bold print, captions, etc.).

7. K.R.RI.06: The Highly Proficient student can independently name the author and illustrator, and tell their role in presenting information in a text

8. K.R.RI.07: The Highly Proficient student can independently describe how the pictures relate to the text, and may also be able to create text for a given picture, or illustrate a sentence, explaining the relationship between the two. (Nonfiction)

9. K.R.RL.02: The Highly Proficient student can independently retell familiar stories with detail, including characters, setting, and sequence of events

10. K.R.RL.06: The Highly Proficient student can independently name the author and illustrator, and tell their role in telling a story.

11. K.R.RL.07: The Highly Proficient student can independently describe how the pictures relate to the text, and may also be able to create text for a given picture, or illustrate a sentence, explaining the relationship between the two. (Fiction)

##### Quarter 2 Standards:
1. K.R.RF.02a: The Highly Proficient student can create a list of multi-syllable words that rhyme, including words with consonant blends.

2. K.R.RF.02b.1: The Highly Proficient student can write segmented syllables when given a list of multi-syllable words.

3. K.R.RF.02b.2: The Highly Proficient student can write words by blending the beginning (onset), middle, and ending sound (rime) of a word.

4. K.R.RF.02c: The Highly Proficient student can identify and say the beginning, middle, and ending sounds in a multi-syllable word.

5. K.R.RF.02d: The Highly Proficient student can make a new multi-syllable word by removing, adding, or changing sound in a given word.

6. K.R.RF.03c: The Highly Proficient student can fluently read all of the sight words for quarter 2.

##### Quarter 3 Standards:
1. K.R.RF.03b: The Highly Proficient student can read words that include “y” as a vowel and identifies the vowel sound.

2. K.R.RF.03c: The Highly Proficient student can fluently read all of the sight words for quarter 3.

3. K.R.RF.03d: The Highly Proficient student can change or remove a phoneme(s) to create a new word, when given a word, and is able to read all new words created.

4. K.R.RI.04: With prompting and support, the Highly Proficient student can ask and answer questions about unknown words in expository text.

5. K.R.RI.08: The Highly Proficient student can independently identify the details an author gives to support the main idea.

6. K.R.RL.04: With prompting and support, the Highly Proficient student can ask and answer questions about unknown words in literature.

##### Quarter 4 Standards:
1. K.R.RF.03c: The Highly Proficient student can fluently read all of the sight words for quarter 4.

2. K.R.RI.01: The Highly Proficient student can independently write questions and answer those questions, using details, from a nonfiction story they are reading.

3. K.R.RI.03: With prompting and support, the Highly Proficient student can describe the connection between two individuals, events, ideas, or pieces of information in a text.

4. K.R.RI.09: With prompting and support, the Highly Proficient student can identify basic similarities in and differences between two texts on the same topic (e.g., in illustrations, descriptions, or procedures).

5. K.R.RI.10: The Highly Proficient student can actively engage in group reading activities with purpose and understanding. (Informational text)

6. K.R.RL.01: The Highly Proficient student can independently write questions and answer those questions, using details, from a story he/she is reading.

7. K.R.RL.03: The Highly Proficient student can independently identify and describe the characters, setting, and important events in a story.

8. K.R.RL.05: The Highly Proficient student can write their own piece and, using evidence from their writing, tell the genre of their writing.

9. K.R.RL.09: With prompting and support, the Highly Proficient student can compare and contrast the adventures and experiences of characters in familiar stories.

10. K.R.RL.10: The Highly Proficient student can actively engage in group reading activities with purpose and understanding. (Literature)

##### Yearly Standards (taught throughout the school year):
1. K.R.RF.01d: The Highly Proficient student can correctly write each upper- and lowercase letter.

2. K.R.RF.03a: The Highly Proficient student can say sounds for common blends and digraphs. (bl, pr, st, wh, ch, ing, ck, th, etc.)

3. K.R.RF.04: The Highly Proficient student can independently read and summarize what they have read.

## Kindergarten Science Standards

##### Quarter 1 Standards:
1. K.1S.C1.PO3: I can predict results of an investigation based on life, physical, and earth and space sciences (e.g., the five senses, changes in weather).

2. K.1S.C2.PO1: I can demonstrate safe behavior and appropriate procedures (e.g., use of instruments, materials, organisms) in all science inquiry.

3. K.1S.C2.PO3: I can perform simple measurements using non-standard units of measure to collect data.

4. K.1S.C3.PO2: I can compare objects according to their measurable characteristics (e.g., longer/shorter, lighter/heavier).

5. K.1S.C4.PO2: I can communicate with other groups to describe the results of an investigation.

6. K.2S.C1.PO1: I can give examples of how diverse people (e.g., children, parents, weather reporters, cooks, healthcare workers, gardeners) use science in daily life.

7. K.2S.C1.PO2: I can identify how diverse people and/or cultures, past and present, have made important contributions to scientific innovations (e.g., Jane Goodall [scientist], Louis Braille [inventor].

8. K.4S.C1.PO1: I can tell the difference between things that are alive and things that are not.

9. K.4S.C1.PO2: I can name the following human body parts: head, legs, shoulders, hips, wrists, feet, fingers, arms, knees, elbows, ankles, hands, heels, toes.

10. K.4S.C1.PO3: I can find and name the five senses and the body parts.

1. K.6S.C3.PO1: I can identify the following aspects of weather: temperature, wind, precipitation, storms.

2. K.6S.C3.PO2: I can describe observable changes in weather.

3. K.6S.C3.PO3: I can give examples of how the weather affects people's daily activities.

##### Quarter 2 Standards:
1. K.4S.C2.PO1: I can tell that plants and animals will grow to look like their parents.

2. K.4S.C3.PO1: I can identify some plants and animals that exist in the local environment.

3. K.4S.C3.PO2: I can find and name things that plants and animals need to grow and survive.​​​​​​​

4. K.4S.C3.PO3: I can describe changes observed in a small system (e.g., ant farm, plant terrarium, aquarium).

##### Quarter 3 Standards:
1. K.3S.C2.PO1: I can tell how simple tools can make jobs easier.

2. K.5S.C1.PO2: I can compare objects by the following observable properties: size, color, type of material.

3. K.5S.C3.PO1: I can explore how things move.

4. K.5S.C3.PO2: I can explore how things move without another living thing touching them.

5. K.5S.C3.PO3: I can sort materials according to whether they are or are not attracted by a magnet.

6. K.5S.C3.PO4: I can identify familiar everyday uses of magnets (e.g., in toys, cabinet locks, decoration).

7. K.6S.C1.PO1: I can find and name earth materials (continues into Quarter 4). ​​​​​​​

##### Quarter 4 Standards:
1. K.6S.C1.PO2: I can compare physical properties (e.g., color, texture, capacity to retain water) of basic earth materials.

2. K.6S.C1.PO3: I can classify a variety of objects as being natural or man-made.

3. K.6S.C1.PO4: I can identify ways some natural or man-made materials can be reused or recycled (e.g., efficient use of paper, recycle aluminum cans).

##### Yearly Standards (taught throughout the school year):
1. K.1S.C1.PO1: I can explore objects using different senses.

2. K.1S.C1.PO2: I can ask questions based on experiences with objects, organisms, and events in the environment.​​​​​​​

3. K.1S.C2.PO2: I can join in science experiments.

4. K.1S.C3.PO1: I can group things in different ways.

5. K.1S.C4.PO1: I can use pictographs, pictures, models or words to show my observations.

6. K.5S.C1.PO1: I can use my senses to find and name an object's shape, texture, size or color.

## Kindergarten Social Studies Standards

##### Quarter 1 Standards:
1. K.3SS.C1.PO2: I can recognize the Pledge of Allegiance and the National Anthem.

2. K.3SS.C1.PO3: I can recognize the significance of national holidays: d) Constitution Day

3. K.3SS.C1.PO5: I can recognize that my classmates are different in some ways and alike in others.

4. K.3SS.C4.PO2: I can recognize the rights and responsibilities of citizenship: a.) elements of fair play, good sportsmanship, and in the idea of treating others the way you want to be treated b.) importance of participation and cooperation in a classroom and community c.) why there are rules and the consequences for violating them d.) responsibility of voting (every vote counts).

5. K.3SS.C4.PO3: I can discuss the importance of students contributing to a community (e.g., helping others, working together, cleaning up the playground).

6. K.4SS.C1.PO1: I can tell the difference between maps & globes.

7. K.4SS.C1.PO2: I can make maps of places I know.

8. K.4SS.C1.PO4: I can find land and water on maps, globes, and pictures.

9. K.4SS.C1.PO5: I can locate continents and oceans on a map or globe.

10. K.4SS.C2.PO1: I can recognize through images how people live differently in other places and times.

##### Quarter 2 Standards:
1. K.1SS.C1.PO3: I can put historical events and people in order using “before" & "after".

2. K.1SS.C1.PO4: I can use Primary source materials ( e.g., photos , artifacts) to study people and events from the past.

3. K.1SS.C2.PO1: I can recognize Native Americans as the first people to live in North America.

4. K.1SS.C3.PO1: I can describe how explorers traveled the world and found new places.

5. K.1SS.C3.PO2: I can recognize that exploration led to the exchange of ideas, culture & goods (food, animals, plants, artifacts).

6. K.1SS.C9.PO1: I can identify astronauts as space explorers.

7. K.2SS.C1.PO1: I can retell personal events to show an understanding of how history is the story of events, people, and places in the past.

8. K.2SS.C1.PO2: I can listen to recounts of historical events and people and discuss how they relate to present day.

9. K.3SS.C1.PO3: I can recognize the significance of national holidays: a) Thanksgiving

10. K.3SS.C4.PO2: I can help make and follow classroom rules to show democracy.

##### Quarter 3 Standards:
1. K.1SS.C4.PO1: I can identify George Washington as our first president.

2. K.1SS.C4.PO2: I can identify the 4th of July as the United States' birthday.

3. K.3SS.C1.PO1: I can name national symbols and tell how they represent America.

4. K.3SS.C1.PO3: I can recognize the significance of national holidays: b) Presidents’ Day c) Martin Luther King Jr. Day

5. K.3SS.C1.PO4: I can identify presidents George Washington and Abraham Lincoln as past leaders of our county.

6. K.3SS.C2.PO1: I can identify the current president of the United States.

7. K.3SS.C4.PO1: I can identify examples of responsible citizenship in the school setting and in stories about the past and present.

8. K.3SS.C4.PO4: I can identify people who help keep communities and citizens safe (e.g., police, firefighters, nurses, doctors).

9. K.4SS.C1.PO3: I can determine the relative location of objects using the terms near/far, behind/in, front, over/under, here/there, left/right, up/down.

10. K.4SS.C4.PO1: I can discuss the food, clothing, housing, recreation, and celebrations practiced by cultural groups in the local community.

11. K.4SS.C4.PO2: I can discuss how land in the students’ community is used for industry, housing, business, agriculture, and recreation.

12. K.4SS.C4.PO3: I can tell how people make money in their community.

13. K.5SS.C1.PO1: I can discuss different types of jobs that people do.

14. K.5SS.C1.PO2: I can match simple descriptions of work with the names of those jobs.

15. K.5SS.C1.PO3: I can give examples of work activities that people do at home.

16. K.5SS.C1.PO4: I can identify the differences between needs and wants.

17. K.5SS.C1.PO5: I can recognize various forms of U.S. currency.

18. K.5SS.C1.PO6: I can recognize that people use money to buy things.

##### Quarter 4 Standards:
1. K.1SS.C10.PO1: I can use information from written documents, oral presentations, and the media to discuss current local events.

2. K.2SS.C1.PO1: I can retell personal events to show an understanding of how history is the story of events, people, and places in the past.

3. K.2SS.C1.PO2: I can listen to recounts of historical events and people and discuss how they relate to present day.

4. K.2SS.C1.PO3: I can put world events in order using before or after.

5. K.2SS.C1.PO4: I can use Primary source materials ( e.g., photos , artifacts) to study people and events from the past.

6. K.2SS.C2.PO1: I can describe how people who lived a long time ago moved from place to place.

7. K.2SS.C2.PO2: I can identify how people who lived a long time did things to make their lives easier.

8. K.2SS.C5.PO1: I can identify explorers as people who traveled to new places all over the world.

9. K.2SS.C5.PO2: I can describe how explorers shared with the people they met when they traveled the world.

10. K.2SS.C9.PO1: I can use information from written documents, and the media to discuss current events.

11. K.4SS.C5.PO1: I can identify the origin of natural resources (e.g., fish from the sea, minerals from the ground, wood from trees, food from farms).

12. K.4SS.C5.PO2: I can describe resources as renewable, non-renewable, and recyclable.

13. K.4SS.C6.PO1: I can discuss geographic concepts related to current events.

## Kindergarten Writing Standards

##### Quarter 1 Standards:
1. K.W.01: The Highly Proficient student can show their opinion about a given topic using a combination of drawing, dictating, and writing, and justify their opinion.

##### Quarter 2 Standards:
1. K.L.02c: The Highly Proficient student can write the letter or letters for short and long vowels correctly throughout their writing.

2. K.L.02d: The Highly Proficient student can spell words correctly throughout their writing.

3. K.L.05a: The Highly Proficient student can sort and create a “rule” for objects they are given, and verbally explain their rule.

4. K.W.04: The Highly Proficient student can independently, or with a partner, create a piece of functional writing (e.g. lists, letters, labels, graphs, invitations).

##### Quarter 3 Standards:
1. K.L.01bcde: The Highly Proficient student can demonstrate command of the conventions of Standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking. b. Form regular plural nouns orally by adding /s/ or /es/ (e.g., dog, dogs; wish, wishes). c. Understand and use question words (interrogatives) (e.g., who, what, where, when, why, how). d. Use the most frequently occurring prepositions (e.g., to, from, in, out, on, off, for, of, by, with). e. Produce and expand complete sentences in shared language activities.

2. K.L.02a: The Highly Proficient student can capitalize proper nouns throughout sentences they create on their own.

3. K.L.05b: The Highly Proficient student can verbally create a list of verbs and adjectives and say the opposite.

4. K.L.05d: With guidance and support from adults, the Highly Proficient student can explore word relationships and nuances in word meanings. d. Distinguish shades of meaning among verbs describing the same general action (e.g., walk, march, strut, prance ) by acting out the meanings.

5. K.W.02: The Highly Proficient student can compare and contrast a real item versus non real item or object using a combination of drawing, dictating, and writing.

##### Quarter 4 Standards:
1. K.L.02b: The Highly Proficient student can use a variety of end punctuation marks correctly throughout their writing.

2. K.L.04ab: The Highly Proficient student can determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases based on kindergarten reading and content. a. Identify new meanings for familiar words and apply them accurately (e.g., knowing duck is a bird and learning the verb to duck). b. Use the most frequently occurring inflections and affixes (e.g., -ed, -s, re-, un-, pre-, -ful, - less) as a clue to the meaning of an unknown word.

3. K.W.03: The Highly Proficient student can independently write a detailed story with a sequence of events, using words and meaningful illustrations.

4. K.W.05: The Highly Proficient student can independently add details to strengthen their writing.

5. K.W.06: With guidance and support from adults, the Highly Proficient student can explore a variety of digital tools to produce and publish writing, including in collaboration with peers.

6. K.W.07: The Highly Proficient student can participate in shared research and writing projects (e.g., explore a number of books by favorite author and express opinions about them).

7. K.W.08: With guidance and support from adults, The Highly Proficient student can recall information from experiences or gather information from provided sources to answer a question.

##### Yearly Standards (taught throughout the school year):
1. K.2W.C6.PO9: The Highly Proficient student can correctly write their first and last name without a model.

2. K.L.01a: The Highly Proficient student can correctly write all upper- and lowercase letters in their writing.

3. K.L.06: Use words and phrases acquired through conversations, reading and being read to, and responding to texts.

Parents, these sites are free to use, or have at least some free options. Some may require creating a free account. Once you know the name of the standard your child is working on, try searching within the site for that standard.

 ReadWorks - thousands of free reading passages. You can sort by grade, topic, difficulty and more. Create a free account in the upper right corner. Khan Academy - instructional videos on many standards. Search by subject and standard. LearnZillion - many resources for students and parents in grades 3-9, ELA and Math. Purple Math - informative explanations of many math topics. Searchable by content and standard. YouTube - try searching for a specific topic, such as "how to add fractions". Teachers Pay Teachers - many of these resources require purchase, but some are free to view. History.com - a great source for Social Studies resources, documents, and video clips. Text structures: types, outlines, and examples - very useful guidelines on writing and types of writing. Mood and Tone: a list of words to use when describing mood and tone - descriptive words to pump up the quality of writing. Parts of Speech - a good ELA resource based on parts of speech. The Science Spot - many resources based on science. Searchable by topic and subject. NewsELA - student-friendly articles based on news and current events. Biology Corner - a very detailed source for Biology resources. Mostly high school level, but useful in middle school as well. Common Lit - many resources based on science. Searchable by topic and subject.