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2nd Grade

Parents, these are the standards taught by Beyond Textbooks partner schools. This list is in alphanumeric order, and your school will likely teach them in a different order. For help deciphering the code in front of the standard, please click here.

Second Grade Math Standards

Quarter 1 Standards: 
  1. 2.M.NBT.A.01: The Highly Proficient student can describe and create a number from 0-999 using ones, tens, and hundreds. 

  2. 2.M.NBT.A.02: The Highly Proficient student can skip count by 5's, 10's, and 100's to 1000.

  3. 2.M.NBT.A.03: The Highly Proficient student can show numbers by using standard form, written form, expanded notation, and models. 

  4. 2.M.NBT.B.05a: The Highly Proficient student can fluently add whole numbers and solve word problems within 1000 with and without regrouping. 

  5. 2.M.NBT.B.06: The Highly Proficient student can add up to three two-digit numbers using strategies based on place value and properties of operations.

  6. 2.M.NBT.B.07: The Highly Proficient student can demonstrate understanding of addition and subtraction within 1000, connecting objects or drawings to strategies based on place value (including multiples of 10), properties of operations, and/or the relationship between addition and subtraction. Relate the strategy to a written form.

  7. 2.M.NBT.B.08: The Highly Proficient student can add or subtract by 10's or 100's using mental math.

  8. 2.M.NBT.B.09: The Highly Proficient student can explain why addition and subtraction strategies work, using place value and the properties of operations. (Explanations may be supported by drawings or objects.) 

  9. 2.M.OA.B.02: The Highly Proficient student can fluently add and subtract within 20. By end of Grade 2, know from memory all sums of two one-digit numbers.

  10. 2.M.OA.C.03: The Highly Proficient student can distinguish between odd and even numbers and justify their reasoning.


Quarter 2 Standards:
  1. 2.M.G.A.01: The Highly Proficient student can compare and draw polygons based on specific attributes.

  2. 2.M.G.A.03: The Highly Proficient student can divide circles and rectangles into fractions beyond fourths, compare two fraction visual models using symbols, and justify using the correct vocabulary.

  3. 2.M.MD.C.08: The Highly Proficient student will use the least number of coins and bills to show an amount of money up to $100.00.

  4. 2.M.NBT.A.04: The Highly Proficient student can create and compare expressions using words of symbols, then justify their thinking.

  5. 2.M.NBT.B.05b: The Highly Proficient student can fluently subtract numbers and solve word problems within 1000 with and without regrouping.


Quarter 3 Standards:
  1. 2.M.MD.A.01a: The Highly Proficient student can measure the length, weight, and capacity of an object using the appropriate customary tool. 

  2. 2.M.MD.A.01b: The Highly Proficient student can measure the length, mass, and capacity of an object using the appropriate metric tool.

  3. 2.M.MD.A.02: The Highly Proficient student can measure the length of an object twice, using different standard length units for the two measurements; describe how the two measurements relate to the size of the unit chosen. Understand that depending on the size of the unit, the number of units for the same length varies.

  4. 2.M.MD.A.03:  The Highly Proficient student can estimate lengths using units of inches, feet, centimeters, and meters.

  5. 2.M.MD.A.04: The Highly Proficient student can measure to determine how much longer one object is than another, expressing the length difference in terms of a standard length unit.

  6. 2.M.MD.B.05: The Highly Proficient student can solve addition and subtraction word problems for an unknown number involving same units of measurement.

  7. 2.M.MD.B.06: The Highly Proficient student can represent whole numbers as lengths from 0 on a number line diagram with equally spaced points corresponding to the numbers 0, 1, 2, … , and represent whole-number sums and differences within 100 on a number line diagram.

  8. 2.M.MD.C.07: The Highly Proficient student can tell and write time to the nearest minute using a.m. and p.m.

  9. 2.M.MD.C.09: The Highly Proficient student can generate measurement data by measuring lengths of several objects to the nearest whole unit, or by making repeated measurements of the same object. 


Quarter 4 Standards:
  1. 2.M.G.A.02: The Highly Proficient student can create four different figures with an area of 24 and recognize that multiplication can be used to find area (area = length x width).

  2. 2.M.MD.D.10: The Highly Proficient student can create a survey to collect data, record, organize, and display the data using different types of graphs. They can also create word problems with solutions for each of their graphs.

  3. 2.M.OA.A.01: The Highly Proficient student can create a word problem and solve it by creating an equation; then explain the steps used throughout the process. 

  4. 2.M.OA.C.04: The Highly Proficient student can arrange objects into equal rows and columns, and write a multiplication equation using the information created with the array.

 

Second Grade Reading Standards

Quarter 1 Standards: 
  1. 2.R.RF.03ab: The Highly Proficient student can distinguish whether the vowel sounds are long or short in multi-syllable words. The Highly Proficient student can identify and use common vowel teams correctly. 

  2. 2.R.RL.01: The Highly Proficient student can create and answer their own clarifying questions, highlight where in the story they located the answers, and write the summary of the story in their own words using a given literary text.

  3. 2.R.RL.06: The Highly Proficient student can acknowledge differences in the points of view of characters, including by speaking in a different voice for each character when reading dialogue aloud.

  4. 2.R.RL.07: The Highly Proficient student can write a summary of a story using the literary elements (characters, setting, and plot). The summary will be published digitally and illustrated. 


Quarter 2 Standards:
  1. 2.R.RF.03c/2.WF.03b1b2 (combined reading/writing standard): The Highly Proficient student can identify and decode words using the six syllable types in multi-syllable words. 

  2. 2.R.RI.01: The Highly Proficient student can create a question(s) about a topic and answer the questions using key details from an informational text. 

  3. 2.R.RI.04: The Highly Proficient student can determine the meaning of words and phrases in a text relevant to a grade 2 topic or subject area.

  4. 2.R.RI.05/07: The Highly Proficient student can create a book that uses the organizational features of: title, table of contents, headings, captions, glossary, subheading, electronic menus, images, bold print, and icons to help him/her clarify a text. 

  5. 2.R.RI.06/08: The Highly Proficient student can compare and contrast at least two pieces of informational text to distinguish the main purpose for writing, utilizing specific points an author makes in a text. 

  6. 2.R.RL.01: The Highly Proficient student can create and answer their own clarifying questions, highlight where in the story they located the answers, and write the summary of the story in their own words using a given literary text. 


Quarter 3 Standards:
  1. 2.R.RF.03d: The Highly Proficient student can identify and define words with prefixes and suffixes in a given paragraph. 

  2. 2.R.RL.02: The Highly Proficient student can retell stories from diverse cultures, determine their central message and write a fable that includes a cultural concept with a lesson or moral. 

  3. 2.R.RL.05:  The Highly Proficient student can create their own literary tale using the basic structure of a story. 

  4. 2.R.RL.09: The Highly Proficient student can compare and contrast two or more versions of the same story by different authors or from different cultures. The Highly Proficient student can create their own version of the story that includes a well-developed setting, characters, and events. 

  5. 2.R.WF.02: The Highly Proficient student can demonstrate and apply sound-letter concepts. a. Write the most common graphemes (letters or letter groups) for each phoneme. For example: 1. Consonants: /s/=s, ss, ce, ci, cy, /f/=f, ff, ph, /k/=c, k, ck 2. Vowels: /o/=o, o_e, oa, ow (long o), /a/=a, a_e, ai, ay, eigh (long a). 


Quarter 4 Standards:
  1. 2.R.RF.04: The Highly Proficient student can read with sufficient accuracy and fluency to support comprehension. a. Read on-level text with purpose and understanding. b. Read on-level text orally with accuracy, appropriate rate, and expression on successive readings. c. Use context to confirm or self-correct word recognition and understanding, rereading as necessary. 

  2. 2.R.RI.02: The Highly Proficient student can identify and summarize the main idea and supporting details of each paragraph within a multi-paragraph text. 

  3. 2.R.RI.03: With prompting and support, The Highly Proficient student can describe the connection between a series of historical events, scientific ideas or concepts, or steps in technical procedures in a text. 

  4. 2.R.RI.09: The Highly Proficient student can compare and contrast the same topic using several different texts and summarize their findings in their own words using evidence from their sources. 

  5. 2.R.RL.03: The Highly Proficient student can use a Venn Diagram to compare and contrast the response to major events or challenges of one character to the response of another character. 

  6. 2.R.RL.04:  The Highly Proficient student can create his/her own poem and describe the rhythm and meaning within the writing. -


Yearly Standards (taught throughout the school year):
  1. 2.R.RF.03ef: The Highly Proficient student can read all of the second and third grade Dolch Words. The Highly Proficient student can segment decodable words into isolated phonemes and can use letter sounds and patterns to make a word. 

  2. 2.R.RI.10: By the end of the year, proficiently and independently read and comprehend informational texts, including history/social studies, science, and technical texts, in a text complexity range determined by qualitative and quantitative measures appropriate to grade two.

  3. 2.R.RL.10: By the end of the year, proficiently and independently read and comprehend literature, including stories, dramas, and poetry, in a text complexity range determined by qualitative and quantitative measures appropriate to grade two. 

  4. 2.R.WF.03a1-7: Know and apply phonics and word analysis skills when encoding words a. Spell on-level, regular, single-syllable words that include: 1. Position-based patterns (e.g., ch,-tch; k, -ck, -ge, -dge). 2. Complex consonant blends (e.g., scr, str, squ). 3. Less common vowel teams for long vowels (e.g., ow, oo, au, ou, ue). 4. Vowel-r combinations (e.g., turn, star, third, four, for). 5. Contractions (e.g., we’ll, I’m, they’ve, don’t). 6. Homophones (e.g., bear, bare; past, passed). 7. Plurals and possessives (e.g., its, it’s).

 

Second Grade Science Standards

Quarter 1 Standards: 
  1. G2.2S.C2.PO3: I can identify parts of a system too small to be seen (e.g., plant and animal cells). 

  2. G2.4S.C1.PO1: I can tell what specific animal structures do.

  3. G2.4S.C2.PO1: I can describe the life cycles of various insects. 

  4. G2.4S.C2.PO2: I can describe the life cycles of various mammals. 

  5. G2.4S.C2.PO3: I can compare the life cycles of various organisms. 

  6. G2.5S.C1.PO2: I can classify materials as solids, liquids, or gases. 


Quarter 2 Standards:
  1. G2.1S.C2.PO3: I can use simple tools to collect data.

  2. G2.3S.C2.PO3: I can solve a problem using the right tool.

  3. G2.5S.C1.PO1: I can use measurement words and tools to describe objects.

  4. G2.5S.C1.PO3: I can demonstrate that water can exist as a: gas - vapor, liquid - water, solid - ice. 

  5. G2.5S.C1.PO4: I can demonstrate that solids have a definite shape and that liquids and gases take the shape of their containers.

  6. G2.6S.C3.PO1: I can measure weather conditions (e.g., temperature, precipitation). 

  7. G2.6S.C3.PO2: I can record weather conditions (e.g., temperature, precipitation). 

  8. G2.6S.C3.PO3: I can identify the following types of clouds: cumulus, stratus, cirrus. 

  9. G2.6S.C3.PO4: I can analyze the relationship between clouds, temperature, and weather patterns. 


Quarter 3 Standards:
  1. G2.2S.C2.PO1: I can identify components of familiar systems (e.g., organs of the digestive system, bicycle). 

  2. G2.2S.C2.PO2: I can identify the many parts that work together to make a system. 

  3. G2.3S.C2.PO1: I can describe how technology changes our lives. (continues into Quarter 4)

  4. G2.4S.C1.PO2: I can identify the following major parts of: digestive system - mouth, esophagus, stomach, small and large intestines, respiratory system - nose, trachea, lungs, diaphragm, circulatory system - heart, arteries, veins, blood.


Quarter 4 Standards:
  1. G2.2S.C1.PO1: I can identify how diverse people and/or cultures, past and present, have made important contributions to scientific innovations (e.g., Daniel Hale Williams [physician], Charles Drew [physician], Elizabeth Blackwell [physician].

  2. G2.2S.C1.PO2: I can identify science-related career opportunities. 

  3. G2.3S.C2.PO2: I can describe important technological contributions made by people, past and present: automobile - Henry Ford, airplane - Wilbur and Orville Wright, telephone - Alexander G. Bell. 


Yearly Standards (taught throughout the school year):
  1. G2.1S.C1.PO1: I can formulate relevant questions about the properties of objects, organisms, and events in the environment. 

  2. G2.1S.C1.PO2: I can predict the results of a science investigation.

  3. G2.1S.C2.PO1: I can follow safety rules and procedures in science.

  4. G2.1S.C2.PO2: I can participate in guided investigations in life, physical, and earth and space sciences. 

  5. G2.1S.C2.PO4: I can record data from guided investigations in an organized and appropriate format (e.g., lab book, log, notebook, chart paper). 

  6. G2.1S.C3.PO1: I can organize data using graphs, tables, and journals.

  7. G2.1S.C3.PO2: I can construct reasonable explanations of observations on the basis of data obtained (e.g., Based on the data, does this make sense? Could this really happen?).

  8. G2.1S.C3.PO3: I can compare the results of the investigation to predictions made prior to the investigation. 

  9. G2.1S.C3.PO4: I can generate questions for possible future investigations based on the conclusions of the investigation.

  10. G2.1S.C4.PO1: I can tell, draw, or write the results of science investigation.

  11. G2.1S.C4.PO2: I can tell, draw, or write the results of a science investigation to others.

Second Grade Social Studies Standards

Quarter 1 Standards: 
  1. 2.SS.C2.01: I can describe the roles and responsibilities of people in authority within our country and world.

  2. 2.SS.C2.02: I can explain how all people, not just official leaders, play important roles in the world. 

  3. 2.SS.C4.01: I can explain how people work together to identify and solve problems within our world. 

  4. 2.SS.C4.02I can explain how rules function in public settings.

  5. 2.SS.G1.01ab: I can recognize physical and human features on a map. 

  6. 2.SS.G1.02: I can explain cultural and environmental characteristics of places using maps.


Quarter 2 Standards:
  1. 2.SS.E1.02: I can describe reasons to save or spend money.

  2. 2.SS.E3.01: I can identify and describe goods and services that are produced and used around the world.         

  3. 2.SS.G2.01: I can explain how weather, climate, and environmental characteristic affect people’s lives.

  4. 2.SS.G2.02: I can describe how human activities affect the communities and the environment of places or regions.

  5. 2.SS.G2.03: I can describe the positive and negative effects of using natural resources. 

  6. 2.SS.G3.01: I can explain why and how people, goods, and ideas move from place to place.

  7. 2.SS.G4.01: I can identify different physical and cultural regions in the world. 


Quarter 3 Standards:               
  1. 2.SS.E1.01I can identify different occupations and skills needed in a global economy.  

  2. 2.SS.E3.02: I can explain how people around the world earn income.

  3. 2.SS.E3.03: I can explain how people can be producers and consumers in a global economy. 

  4. 2.SS.E4.01: I can describe public services that governments provide to help citizens.

  5. 2.SS.E5.01: I can recognize what natural and capital resources are and how they are produced and traded.


Quarter 4 Standards:
  1. 2.SS.H1.02: I can compare/contrast how civilizations and/or cultures have changed over time. 

  2. 2.SS.H1.03: I can examine developments from the civilization and/or culture in place or region studied. 

  3. 2.SS.H3.01: I can ask and answer questions about the institutions and belief systems of different societies. 


Yearly Standards (Taught throughout the year):
  1. 2.SS.H1.01: I can explain how individuals can make a difference in their country or in the world.

 

Second Grade Writing Standards

Quarter 1 Standards: 
  1. 2.L.01a-f: The Highly Proficient student can use parts of speech correctly in simple and more complex sentences including; collective nouns, irregular plural nouns, reflexive pronouns, irregular verbs, adjectives and adverbs.

  2. 2.L.01g: The Highly Proficient student can produce, expand, and rearrange complete simple and compound sentences with the use of transition words in a verbal discussion or a piece of writing. 

  3. 2.L.02a: The Highly Proficient student can use capital letters for pronouns, proper nouns, and the beginning of a sentence and justify their reasoning.

  4. 2.L.04d: The Highly Proficient student can determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases based on grade 2 reading and content, choosing flexibly from an array of strategies. d. Use sentence-level context as a clue to the meaning of a word or phrase. 

  5. 2.R.RF.03c/2.WF.03b1b2: The Highly Proficient student can identify and decode words using the six syllable types in multi-syllable words.

  6. 2.W.03: The Highly Proficient student can write a well-organized narrative that includes a strong sense of main ideas, characters, details, sequence of events, and a sense of closure. 


Quarter 2 Standards:
  1. 2.L.02c: The Highly Proficient student can create a piece of writing that consistently uses apostrophes to correctly punctuate contractions and possessive words.  

  2. 2.L.04c: The Highly Proficient student can use the meaning of individual words to predict the meaning of compound words.  

  3. 2.L.04e: The Highly Proficient student can use a glossary, dictionary, or internet to determine the meaning of a word or phrase and applies this to the writing. 

  4. 2.W.02: The Highly Proficient student can write a variety of informative texts that introduce a topic using facts and definitions effectively to explain points with a strong topic and concluding section.

  5. 2.WF.03c: The Highly Proficient student can identify words with suffixes in a given paragraph.  They can define them and divide them into root word-suffix. 


Quarter 3 Standards:
  1. 2.L.02d: The Highly Proficient student can edit and revise common mistakes in spelling patterns and consistently use spelling patterns correctly in their own writing. 

  2. 2.L.04ab: The Highly Proficient student can use root words, prefixes, and suffixes to understand the meaning of an unknown word and justify the meaning.

  3. 2.L.06: The Highly Proficient student can create a well-organized and detailed response to a story using adjectives and adverbs.

  4. 2.W.01: The Highly Proficient student can write a well-organized, detailed opinion on a topic or book using linking words that clearly support their reasoning. 

  5. 2.R.WF.02: The Highly Proficient student can demonstrate and apply sound-letter concepts. a. Write the most common graphemes (letters or letter groups) for each phoneme. For example: 1. Consonants: /s/= s, ss, ce, ci, cy, /f/= f, ff, ph, /k/= c, k, ck 2. Vowels: /o/= o, o_e, oa, ow (long o), /a/= a, a_e, ai, ay, eigh (long a)


Quarter 4 Standards:
  1. 2.W.05: The Highly Proficient student can review a draft for errors in conventions independently that strengthens their writing.

  2. 2.W.06: The Highly Proficient student can use both digital and non-digital tools to create, rewrite, and illustrate a piece of writing to share with an audience.

  3. 2.W.07: The Highly Proficient student can use multiple informational sources to create a well-organized research report that includes a title, main idea, and supporting details.


Yearly Standards (taught throughout the school year):
  1. 2.L.01h: Demonstrate command of the conventions of Standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking. h. Identify and use declarative, interrogative, imperative, and exclamatory sentences.

  2. 2.L.01i: Demonstrate command of the conventions of Standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking. i. With assistance, link sentences into a simple, cohesive paragraph that contains: a main idea, supporting details, and a conclusion.

  3. 2.L.03: Use knowledge of language and its conventions when writing, speaking, reading, or listening. a. Compare formal and informal uses of English.

  4. 2.L.05: Demonstrate understanding of word relationships and nuances in word meanings. a. Identify real-life connections between words and their use (e.g., describe foods that are spicy or juicy). b. Identify synonyms and antonyms to distinguish shades of meaning among closely related verbs (e.g., toss, throw, hurl) and closely related adjectives (e.g., thin, slender, skinny, scrawny).

  5. 2.W.04: With guidance and support from adults, produce writing in which the development and organization are appropriate to task and purpose. (Grade-specific expectations for writing types are defined in standards W.01–03). 

  6. 2.W.08: Recall information from experiences or gather information from provided sources to answer a question. 

  7. 2.WF.01: Demonstrate and apply handwriting skills. a. Write legibly in manuscript using correct letter formation. b. Transcribe ideas in manuscript with automaticity and proper spacing.

Parents, these sites are free to use, or have at least some free options. Some may require creating a free account. Once you know the name of the standard your child is working on, try searching within the site for that standard. 

ReadWorks - thousands of free reading passages. You can sort by grade, topic, difficulty and more. Create a free account in the upper right corner. Mood and Tone: a list of words to use when describing mood and tone - descriptive words to pump up the quality of writing. Biology Corner - a very detailed source for Biology resources. Mostly high school level, but useful in middle school as well. 
Khan Academy - instructional videos on many standards. Search by subject and standard. History.com - a great source for Social Studies resources, documents, and video clips. Teachers Pay Teachers - many of these resources require purchase, but some are free to download and use.
The Science Spot - many resources based on science. Searchable by topic and subject. Text structures: types, outlines, and examples - very useful guidelines on writing and types of writing.  Purple Math - informative explanations of many math topics. Searchable by content and standard.
Parts of Speech - a good ELA resource based on parts of speech. YouTube - try searching for a specific topic, such as "how to add fractions". NewsELA - student-friendly articles based on news and current events.
LearnZillion - many resources for students and parents in grades 3-9, ELA and Math. Common Lit - many reading resources based on all content areas. Searchable by topic and subject.

ReadWriteThink - a very powerful website for ELA standards and practice.

Math Antics - a YouTube channel with great math how-to videos.  Educator.com - many of these resources require a paid subscription, but some are free to view. Good section on AP classes.

Big History Project - a comprehensive "history of the universe" project.

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